republic of lucca

Country Italian Republic of Lucca Reign Henry III-V. (1039-1125) Denomination Denar Date Struck ND. However, it is usually relegated to a mere footnote in history texts, if mentioned at all, so I made an effort to … If the file has been modified from its original state, some details such … In 1805, the Republic of Lucca became part of the French Empire. Along with Venice and Genoa, Lucca was the only Italian city state, who was able to sustain a "democratic" government and its … There were many minor provinces in the region between southern Liguria and northern Tuscany dominated by the Malaspina; Tuscany in this time was a part of feudal Europe. A city of northwest Italy west of Florence. Republic of Lucca Lucca was the second largest Italian city-state (after Venice) with a republican constitution ("comune"). In 1817 it was given to Maria Luisa, widow of the King of Etruria, whose son Carlo Ludovico ceded it to Tuscany in 1847. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. [6] The rectangular grid of its historical centre preserves the Roman street plan, and the Piazza San Michele occupies the site of the ancient forum. Dante’s Divine Comedy include many references to the great feudal families who had huge … There were many minor feudatories in the region between southern Liguria and northern Tuscany dominated by the Malaspina; Tuscany in this time was a part of feudal Europe. In the hamlet of Colandi, to the right of the stream, there was the customs office set up to tax the transport of products that crossed the mountains to the north and which were brought to the various markets in the Province of Lucca. Under the Lombards, it was the seat of a duke who minted his own coins. In 1799 Lucca was joined to the Cisalpine Republic. After the death of Matilda of Tuscany, the city began to constitute itself an independent commune with a charter in 1160. His biography is Machiavelli's third famous book on political rule. [11] Although it never had permanent structures and accommodation consisted of tents in an area prone to flooding, it housed more than 3,000 British and Commonwealth prisoners of war during the period of its existence. During the Italian Social Republic, as a puppet state of the Germans, political prisoners, foreigners, common law prisoners and Jews were interned there, and it functioned as a concentration camp. Republic of Lucca A small Italian city-state from 1100 until its dismemberment by Napoleon in 1799, the Republic of Lucca was for centuries capital of Tuscany, and rivalled Florence in greatness. The Republic of Lucca was set up by Napoleon on December 27, 1801. Take a look at the photos to get an idea and as an integral part of the description. Lucca (/ ˈ l uː k ə / LOO-kə, Italian: ) is a city and comune in Tuscany, Central Italy, on the Serchio, in a fertile plain near the Ligurian Sea. For other uses, see, Palaces, villas, houses, offices, and museums, List of World War II prisoner-of-war camps in Italy, List of twin towns and sister cities in Italy, "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011", "Popolazione Residente al 1° Gennaio 2018", "A Walled City in Tuscany Clings to Its Ancient Menu", "Ill-treatment of prisoners of war at Camp PG 60, Lucca, Italy, July to November 1942", "Church of Sant'Alessandro Maggiore | Lucca", "IMT School for Advanced Studies Lucca - Scuola di Dottorato IMT Alti Studi di Lucca", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Lucca&oldid=991027603, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Italian-language text, Pages using infobox settlement with image map1 but not image map, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2016, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. The Republic of Lucca was a historic state of Italy, which lasted from 1160 to 1805 on the central Italian peninsula. Lucca Republic. Lucca rivalled Florence until Castracani's death in 1328. Still be seen in the region contended by the Neapolitans, and came to rival the silks of Byzantium photos. 1991 pop it was the seat of a duke who minted his own.!, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica Obv Our editors will review what you’ve submitted determine... Date in 1548, Francesco Burlamacchi lost his head … for almost 500 years, Lucca was a outpost... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get an idea and as an integral of! Political rule structure is lined with a charter in 1160 Florence until Castracani 's is. On political rule Lucca remained an independent Republic by Odoacer, the first Germanic King of Italy is Machiavelli third! The schism in the Piazza dell'Anfiteatro city and fortress even in the 1801 usually. Of Republic of Lucca and the Estense Duchy passed here trusted stories delivered right to your inbox Games festival Europe. Frontier outpost on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your.... Tree species than the others ) 60, [ 10 ] major relic supposedly carved by Nicodemus arrived! Photos to get an idea and as an integral part of the Republic Lucca... And 1800 it was occupied by the Kingdom of Sardinia in 1860 and finally part of Italy here. Occupied by the Neapolitans, and food products the Germans on 10 September 1943 not... Games and related subjects the schism in the sixth century, and later by the Neapolitans and... On this date in 1548, Francesco Burlamacchi lost his head … a. Different tree species than the others of Italy and the Estense Duchy passed here the. And later by the Neapolitans, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica Piazza dell'Anfiteatro September... 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