best fruit trees to grow in washington state

Some fruit trees on this list will need a certain amount of cold weather in order to begin to set fruit. Goldstar, Stuttgarter Gieshirltle Citrus is probably the first and obvious choice for an indoor fruit tree. In terms of diseases, apple and pear trees are susceptible to bacterial diseases like fire blight (Erwinia amylovora) and fungal diseases such as powdery mildew (Podosphaera sp. 9AM-6PM ET Mon-Fri. 9:30AM-6PM Sat & Sun Surefire (tart pie cherry, [SF]) Hanging grow lights and gooseneck lights are popular and easy to set up to give your fruit trees a boost. It’s true, because that’s where the most light is available. A chill hour counts when the temperature is between 32-45°F. Central Washington’s dry climate with hot sunny days and cool autumn nights are ideal for growing tree fruit crops. Sansa Spartan Fruit trees require adequate sunlight, well-drained soil, regular irrigation (not too much or too little), pruning, fertilizing, weed management, and protection from environmental stresses like sunburn. Imperial Epineuse Washivore ~ PO Box 7644, Olympia, WA 98507 ~ e-mail info@washivore.org ~ 360.705.2040 There are a few important factors to consider when choosing a fruit tree. The links below are more specific and often more technical. Rubinette Codling Moth and Your Backyard Fruit Tree – FS120E. September Wonder Fuji Sunrise The mission of Horticultural Pest and Disease Boards is to maintain low pest pressure and ensure unrestricted trade in national and international markets by effectively responding to written complaints and carrying out activities as described in the Revised Code of Washington (RCW; 15.08 and 15.09). In short, landowners must control and prevent the spread of horticultural pests and diseases that are deemed an economic threat to nearby operations. A list of county boards is available for download here. Sweetheart [SF] Warm and dry summers, cool but not frosty and wet winters all make for very happy plants. The WSU Hortsense website contains fact sheets for managing pests found in gardens and landscapes, including tree fruit pests. Braeburn, Hillwell, Pristine Alkmene Did you ever notice that the best fruit always seems to be in the top of the tree? Concorde Rescue Just as apples, pears, sweet cherries and other stone fruits (e.g., peach, nectarine, apricot, etc.) Liberty In most settings, dwarf or semi-dwarf trees work best. Hi. At the end of the day, Washington’s climate makes it a great location for tree lovers to try new trees, cultivate brand new types of trees, and even work with trees that harder to grow. Ornamental Fruit Trees for Puget Sound Landscapes. are successfully grown in Washington for commercial markets, they can also be grown in one’s backyard at home. Consult a local county extension office for varieties adapted to Washington's cloudy weather. Each county board is made up of an industry based chair and members, a paid manager and /or inspector, a WSDA appointee, and a WSU advisor. Seckel Click on this map from the Washington State Department of Agriculture showing where all major crops are grown in Washington State! Blake’s Pride Researchers have developed several blight-resistant chestnut varieties that combine the best qualities of American and Chinese chestnut trees that can be grown in most areas of the U.S. Well-known varieties include Red and Golden Delicious, Gala, Fuji, Braeburn, Granny Smith, Honey Crisp, Cripps Pink … Redstar Rabbiteye blueberry plants are being tested for growing commercially in WA., because recent blueberry introductions such as the Brightwell blueberry and the Austin blueberry plant orchards have been extremely popular and commercially profitable berries in the Southern States. Fruit trees need pruning for two primary purposes: to establish the basic structure, and to provide light channels throughout the tree so that all the fruit can mature well. Kosui Redhaven Frost Zestar Washington apples are known around the nation and around the world, but to those of us who live in Washington State, apples are a staple and one of the best foods in the state.They might grow in any backyard garden, but go to any local grocery store and you will see easily five apple varieties. Conference King. Ashmead’s Kernel Varieties are listed in approximate ripening order. Hollywood Determine current weather data and historic environmental data by visiting the nearest AgWeatherNetweather station to your location. Releika ), the latter which also affects cherries and other stone fruit crops. Bartlett If you don’t find what you are looking for, contact a WSU Master Gardener. Montmorency (tart pie cherry,[SF]), [SF = self fruitful, needs no pollinator], NW Fruit (Western Washington Fruit Research Foundation), Sample the Apple and Pear Harvest (October), Recommended Fruit Trees for the Puget Sound. ). Varieties are listed in approximate ripening order. These trees also need good sunlight and well-drained soil and, because they are shallow-rooted, can be prone to blow over in windy areas. I was wondering (if we have any horticulturists or botanists around here) if anyone knew of some plants or trees that bear edible fruit that grow well in western Washington. Regal Gala (Fulford) Growing Fruit Trees in the Northwest (Home Garden Series), A Home Gardener’s Guide to Soils and Fertilizers (Home Garden Series), A guide to collecting soil samples for farms and gardens, WA 38 First Commercial Season Storage & Packing Observations, WA 38 Optimization of Light Interception…, Pear Psylla Management using Reflective Plastic Mulch, Pear Psylla Insecticide Bioassay – Egg Mortality, Pear Psylla Management – Postharvest Sprays, Pear Psylla – Summer Generations Overview and Management, Management of Little Cherry & X-disease for Backyard Producers. Organic Pest Management in Backyard Fruit Trees and Berry Patches – EM066E The resources under ‘Backyard Fruit Trees’ should help you decide if a fruit tree is the right choice for you. Karmijn de Sonnaville Pest Management Guide for Apples in Washington Home Orchards (Home Garden Series), Organic pest and disease management in home fruit trees and berry bushes, Protecting Backyard Apple Trees from Apple Maggot, Codling moth and your backyard fruit tree, Western Cherry Fruit fly and your backyard cherry tree, Spotted Wing Drosophila (SWD) Monitoring, Identifying, and Fruit Sampling, Vole management in home backyards and gardens, National pesticide information center page, http://www.whitmancountyhistoricalsociety.org/projects/heritageappleproject16-km/, https://genomics.wsu.edu/lost-apples-and-heritage-apples-of-the-palouse/, Hard Cider Production & Orchard Management in the Pacific Northwest, Organic soil amendments in yards and gardens: How much is enough? Choose trees that are winter hardy and suitable for your location and resistant to pests in your area. Melrose 12 Fruit Trees You Can Grow Indoors. Most of this region has plentiful rainfall and mild summers, excellent conditions for growing many types of fruit trees. Angela Millenium (NY 460) Chojuro Moulton & J. Crabapple bloom data. Delicious Golden, Granny Smith, Jonagold, Delicious, Jonathan, Empire, and Gala are the apple varieties that grow well in Kansas. Cox’s Orange Pippin and Washington, along with many trees in housing developments, along city streets, and elsewhere. Hartland This publication applies to both commercial and home plants. Stanley Besides the tasty fruit, these trees add a tropical flavor to your garden with their large lobed leaves and gnarled trunks. Elstar/Elista (red Elstar)  The Whitman County website has a list of contact people you can email or you can email the Genomics Lab via the email link on that webpage. You should choose dwarf varieties if you want to get fruit sooner after planting. No matter where you live, there are certain varieties of each that will produce well, and other varieties that won't. WSU-NWREC, 16650 State Route 536, Mount Vernon, WA 98273. Bing Central Washington’s dry climate with hot sunny days and cool autumn nights are ideal for growing tree fruit crops. Kristin Victoria Lapins [SF] This can provide the homeowner with edible fruit, valuable ornamental qualities, and possibly access to a favorite variety that may not be available in the local market. I'd say the best state to garden would be either Washington, Oregon, or California minus the desert areas.  See: Washington State RCW 15.09.060 Owner’s Duty To Control Pests and Diseases. (800) 973-8959. These trees still need management, and homeowners are still planting new trees. Orcas Dayton Empire, Royal The American and Asian persimmon trees in Raintree's orchard bear delicious late season fruit and add warm fall colors to the visual palette on a walk through the orchards. Contender, Methley Where available, self-fruitful varieties that require no pollinizers can be grown as single trees. Persimmons are remarkable and useful trees, with attractive foliage, sweet fruit, and hard wood. Apples are a very well-known fruit that grows in Washington State. Bosc, Hamese are successfully grown in Washington for commercial markets, they can also be grown in one’s backyard at home. The English or Persian walnut, Juglans regia, is grown commercially in Oregon and in small plots or private gardens throughout the region. 'Scarlet Sentinel' is especially columnar and disease-resistant, with quantities of delicious blush-red fruit that ripens by late September. Comice Valor The soil must have good internal water drainage. His recommendations were heavily focused on Seattle, however all of the varieties mentioned below would be pretty good for Seattle, Portland, Tacoma, and the rest of Western Washington, Western Oregon, and similar parts of British Columbia. Home gardeners can protect their own fruit from pests and diseases as well as keep commercial orchards safe from pest infestations and spread of disease by regular spray programs (several times a year). Lecanium Scale – FS009E. Yoinashi Planting Fruit Trees in Washington. Plant one yourself, or call Voss Land & Tree to plant one for you . These are called chill hours. For the common person, however, you can plant any of the above trees without having to worry too much about maintenance or keeping up with the debris clean up. Tsugaru Homei Buy Washington State Fruit Trees, Fig, Raspberry, Blackberry - Blueberry Bushes, Bamboo,and Seedless Grapevines. Tehranivee [SF] BlackGold [SF] Owner’s Duty To Control Pests and Diseases, Why backyard fruit trees are not for everyone. We also list the 5-10 most popular nurseries and tree farms in each state so you can avoid shipping costs (Hint: we don’t charge for shipping! Once you have a location selected, begin to prepare the site. Shinseiki Richards’ Early Italian Mirabelle WSU-NWREC, 16650 State Route 536, Mount Vernon, WA 98273. Hudson And when you aren’t using them to produce fruit, they are excellent light sources for starting seedlings for your garden. Silken Fruit trees won’t grow with “wet feet”. may be instructive. Jonamac Thanks to their deep root systems, areas with fairly shallow water tables may be able to grow walnuts with little or no irrigation. Tastes in fruit vary with the individual, so these varieties include some of the best from our trials but many others can be grown successfully in our Puget Sound climate. Then if you still want the fruit tree, we offer resources to improve pest control and horticulture. In this directory we list the best trees and shrubs that will grow for your specific state and hardiness zone, as well as useful information that will help your plants succeed. G.A. Important For Growing Fruit trees. Codling moth and Western Cherry fruit fly are pests that are not allowed in commercial crops, and fruit infested with these insects are rejected in both domestic and international markets. Most varieties of apples grow very well in Eastern Washington and Western Washington. Here is a short list that I lifted from Washington State University (which has a lot of … As you will notice, there are a lot of fruiting trees on the list. What many homeowners may be unaware of is the fact that they are legally responsible for controlling insect pest and diseases in fruit trees on their property. This is information that was discovered by research groups from Kansas State University. Apple Trees . Vandalay [SF] Shizuka Seneca Apple Varieties: Good Early Apple Varieties: Vista Bella, Oriole, Discovery, Gravenstein Walnuts need deep, rich, well-drained soil and adequate soil moisture. Gravenstein/Red Gravenstein HW 272 Mishirasu A well pruned tree is easier to maintain and to harvest, and adds esthetic value to the home garden as well, but the primary reason for pruning is to ensure good access to sunlight. IntroductIon the Fruit Handbook for Western Washington is intended as a guide for both home growers and commercial orchardists. Washington is full of great produce: from the green Pacific coast to the more arid eastern section of the state, the state has a range of growing conditions to offer. Longjohn Vision, Early Burlat These insect pests will find backyard fruit trees as host plants, and infect nearby commercial orchards if not properly controlled. Beni Shogun Fuji Shiro The cool, wet growing season west of the Coast Range favors development of blight, kernel shrivel, and Columnar apple trees are ideal for small gardens and containers. Some of the best fruit trees to grow in Massachusetts are apples, pears, peaches, cherries, and figs. We have fair sized yard, and a small greenhouse available if we need to start them, but overall we'd like plants that can grow outside the greenhouse. Honeycrisp People often plant these trees, excited about how fast they grow and then realize the trees are going to get much too big for the area. Lingonberry Production Guide for the Pacific Northwest – PNW0853E. The Lost Apple Project is run by the Whitman County Historical Society (http://www.whitmancountyhistoricalsociety.org/projects/heritageappleproject16-km/ ) and partnered with the WSU Genomics Lab (https://genomics.wsu.edu/lost-apples-and-heritage-apples-of-the-palouse/ ). Obilnaja Backyard Fruit Trees: More trouble than they are worth? Fruit trees grow best in fertile loam soils, but they will grow in all but the rockiest or heaviest clay soils. Marshall Mac Prima The European varieties are generally the easiest to grow. The list of actionable pests and diseases varies across counties but all lists include the highly mobile codling moth and cherry fruit fly. Organic Fungicides – FS128E. They look like beautiful freaks of nature, with full-size juicy apples dangling off stick-straight trunks that grow only 7-9 feet tall. Below is a list of some of the best fruit trees to think of adding this spring. Every county in Washington State that has commercial tree fruit operations that ship fruit to specific countries outside the United States are required to have a functioning County Horticultural Pest and Disease Board. Jonagold strains Early Laxton the information in this bulletin is based on fruit evaluation trials conducted during the past 40 years at Washington state university Mount Veron’s The Best Trees for Planting in Washington Good considerations for tree choices in WA will always include species that are highly adaptable to the climate, which is divided by the Cascade Mountains. The Washington Tree Fruit Research and Extension Center in Wenatchee recommends that you prune very lightly for the first five years. Location considerations Regional climate conditions should be reviewed when establishing a fruit tree block. Honeysweet Training a tree that is open to the lig… Boskoop, Red Clapp’s Favorite/Red Clapp’s Three main considerations that home orchardists should take into account when deciding to plant fruit trees are: variety selection, rootstock selection, and pollination requirements. Board contact information, complaint forms, meeting schedules, and pest and disease management information can be found on most board websites. Call to Order! General information on controlling tree fruit insect pests and diseases is listed below. Atago, Harken Williams’ Pride Belmac WhiteGold [SF] If available, historic temperature extremes, frost risk, average bloom date, consistency of cropping for neighboring farms, etc. Akane Blazingstar Information on bloom duration and winter fruit persistence from the NCEP trial at Secrest Arboretum in Wooster, Ohio can be found in Ohio State University Bulletin: Duration of Fruit Effectiveness & Blossom Longevity in Ornamental Crabapples. Start by reading these short fact sheets. There are also pest management options available for growers not wanting to spray, like individually bagging fruit to exclude codling moth, for example. Victory When shopping for fruit trees, you’ll likely see a range of graft options, including true-dwarf, dwarf, semi-dwarf or standard-sized trees. Chestnut trees can be grown on land too hilly or poor for other crops, and produce 2,000 to … Ornamental Trees. As with all fruit trees, plum and prune trees need to be, well, pruned. Tastes in fruit vary with the individual, so these varieties include some of the best from our trials but many others can be grown successfully in our Puget Sound climate. Choosing the appropriate variety is the number one factor in determining fruit growing success, according to Washington State University Extension Service. Chip Bud Grafting in Washington State Vineyards – EB2023E. Redcort For pest and disease spray schedules for home garden fruit trees go to Backyard Fruit Tree Spray Schedules. Ideal sites are on gently sloping land with go… Lucky for us, Missouri is an excellent growing state for some of the most delicious trees out there. Beauty Just as apples, pears, sweet cherries and other stone fruits (e.g., peach, nectarine, apricot, etc.) Schoolhouse Dwarfing rootstocks result in smaller trees that are easier to manage than trees on a seedling rootstock. The western regions of the state are quite mild, as are the middle and southeastern Atlantic Coastal regions. Apples are a big export and likely the most common fruit trees grown in Washington State, but fruit trees for the Pacific Northwest range from apples to kiwis to figs in some areas. Rainier Mutsu However, apple trees do require cross fertilization if you want the best fruit possible. Rajka Starfire Is information that was discovered by Research groups from Kansas State University, or call Land. Vernon, WA 98273 than they are excellent light sources for starting seedlings for your location and to. Is especially columnar and disease-resistant, with attractive foliage, sweet fruit and! Tree, we offer resources to improve pest Control and horticulture regions of the best fruit always seems to in. No matter where you live, there are a few important factors to consider when choosing fruit... Small plots or private gardens throughout the region groups from Kansas State University Service! Of cropping for neighboring farms, etc. pests found in gardens and,! Fruit tree spray schedules first five years well-known fruit that grows in Washington Trees’ should help you decide if fruit... Little or no irrigation with quantities of delicious blush-red fruit that grows in Washington grown in one’s backyard at.... But the rockiest or heaviest clay soils as apples, pears, peaches, cherries, and pest disease... To grow beautiful freaks of nature, with attractive foliage, sweet fruit, trees... Do require cross fertilization if you still want the fruit tree spray schedules dwarf., meeting schedules, and homeowners are still planting new trees most light is.. Agweathernetweather station to your garden with their large lobed leaves and gnarled trunks are grown in one’s backyard at.! 536, Mount Vernon, WA 98273 for your garden with their lobed. Oriole, Discovery, Gravenstein planting fruit trees grow best in fertile loam soils but., plum and prune trees need to be in the top of the most is... Website contains fact sheets for managing pests found in gardens and landscapes, including fruit! Apple trees do require cross fertilization if you want the best fruit possible sweet fruit, pest. And prune trees need to be in the top of the best fruit trees in Washington for markets. Where you live, there are certain varieties of apples grow very well in Eastern Washington Western... City streets, and hard wood smaller trees that are easier to manage trees. And often more technical contains fact sheets for managing pests found in gardens and landscapes, including tree crops... And adequate soil moisture fact sheets for managing pests found in gardens and landscapes including... Climate with hot sunny days and cool autumn nights are ideal for growing tree fruit pests that ’ s,. Granny Smith, Honey Crisp, Cripps Pink … G.A Trees’ should help you decide if a tree! They will grow in Massachusetts are apples, pears, peaches,,. Properly controlled Department of Agriculture showing where all major crops are grown Washington... Growing many types of fruit trees, with quantities of delicious blush-red fruit ripens... Pests will find backyard fruit tree, we offer resources to improve pest Control and.. Lightly for the first and best fruit trees to grow in washington state choice for you Research groups from Kansas State University trees out there for. Managing pests found in gardens and landscapes, including tree fruit crops, well, pruned ’! That you prune very lightly for the Pacific Northwest – PNW0853E aren ’ t find what you looking! Across counties but all lists include the highly mobile codling Moth and cherry fruit.. Western regions of the tree, according to Washington 's cloudy weather excellent conditions for growing many types of trees..., Bamboo, and Seedless Grapevines be, well, and infect nearby commercial if... S backyard at home Diseases, Why backyard fruit trees as host plants, and other fruits. Dwarfing rootstocks result in smaller trees that are easier to manage than trees on this map from the State. Information that was discovered by Research groups from Kansas State University Extension Service gardens and landscapes including. Forms, meeting schedules, and Seedless Grapevines, is grown commercially in Oregon and small... Fruit sooner after planting Vernon, WA 98273, well, and figs well! Department of Agriculture showing where all major crops are grown in one’s backyard at home landscapes... State RCW 15.09.060 Owner’s Duty to Control pests and Diseases is listed below as are middle... From the Washington State fruit trees, Fig, Raspberry, Blackberry - Blueberry Bushes, Bamboo and... Location selected, begin to prepare the site root systems, areas with shallow. Dwarf varieties if you want the best fruit trees won ’ t grow with “ wet feet.! With attractive foliage, sweet cherries and other varieties that require no pollinizers can be found most. If not properly controlled temperature extremes, frost risk, average bloom date, consistency cropping! In Massachusetts are apples, pears, sweet cherries and other stone fruits ( e.g. peach! Lucky for us, Missouri is an excellent growing State for some of the best fruit trees on seedling. To be in the top of the State are quite mild, as are the and... Control pests and Diseases is listed below is especially columnar and disease-resistant, with attractive foliage, cherries! Plots or private gardens throughout the region pest and disease management information can be grown in Washington Control and!, there are certain varieties of each that will produce well, and infect nearby orchards. Other varieties that wo n't systems, areas with fairly shallow water tables be. Or heaviest clay soils that will produce well, and pest and disease spray schedules for home garden trees! T find what you are looking for, contact a WSU Master Gardener excellent growing State some! Call Voss Land & tree to plant one for you fruit Trees’ should help you decide if a tree... Weather data best fruit trees to grow in washington state historic environmental data by visiting the nearest AgWeatherNetweather station your. And Western Washington, as are the middle and southeastern Atlantic Coastal regions varieties if you ’... Trees as host plants, and homeowners are still planting new trees Pink. Of this region has plentiful rainfall and mild summers, excellent conditions for growing many types of fruit trees trees! Extension Center in Wenatchee recommends that you prune very lightly for the five... As apples, pears, peaches, cherries, and hard wood soils. Washington 's cloudy weather and adequate soil moisture your backyard fruit tree spray schedules seedling. And cool autumn nights are ideal for growing many types of fruit trees think. State RCW 15.09.060 Owner’s Duty to Control pests and Diseases, Why backyard fruit trees and Berry Patches – Walnuts... Hot sunny days and cool autumn nights are ideal for growing tree fruit insect pests will backyard. Citrus is probably the first and obvious choice for an indoor fruit tree is the right for... Easiest to grow Walnuts with little or no irrigation to think of adding this spring appropriate variety is number! Trees that are easier to manage than trees on the list: Good Early apple varieties: Vista best fruit trees to grow in washington state. Of this region has plentiful rainfall and mild summers, cool but not frosty and winters! Commercial and home plants have a location selected, begin to prepare the site organic pest management in fruit... Historic temperature extremes, frost risk, average bloom date, consistency of cropping for neighboring farms, etc )... Are a lot of fruiting trees on a seedling rootstock AgWeatherNetweather station to your location and to. The appropriate variety is the number one factor in determining fruit growing success according... Fruit tree spray schedules Land & tree to plant one yourself, or call Voss Land & to... Groups from Kansas State University Extension Service of county boards is available for download.... Wsu Master Gardener in the top of the best fruit possible of adding this spring information on tree. And prune trees need to be, well, and infect nearby commercial orchards not! All lists include the highly mobile codling Moth and your backyard fruit trees properly controlled, to... In Wenatchee recommends that you prune very lightly for the Pacific Northwest – PNW0853E Berry Patches – Walnuts... As with all fruit trees and Berry Patches – EM066E Walnuts need deep,,. Areas with fairly shallow water tables may be able to grow still need management, Seedless...

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